- They are operated by a State or Territory government.
- Australian students normally do not pay substantial tuition fees to attend these schools.
- International students and the children of international students are required to pay fees.
- They address a variety of social and cultural philosophies.
- They are not owned or operated by a State or Territory government.
- International students usually pay higher tuition fees than domestic students.
- They may have a particular religious or cultural philosophy, which is clearly reflected in the student experience.
Australia offers a wide range of ELICOS courses designed to meet the varying needs of students with different reasons for learning English. Full-time ELICOS courses tend to have these features:
- Their duration generally ranges from four to 48 weeks,
- They are taught at all levels of proficiency from beginners to advanced.
- They comprise of at least 20 hours of study each week.
- They usually have flexible commencement dates, so students can enrol at any time during the year.
- Often ELICOS courses are taken in sequence with formal courses of study in other sectors. They are packaged together with one or more courses. Sometimes these further courses are offered at the same institution.
There are five major categories of English language courses generally offered in Australia to international students:
- General English
- English for Academic Purposes (EAP)
- Secondary School Preparation
- Examination Preparation
- English for Specific Purposes (ESP)
Those international students who doesn't meet the language proficiency requirement by mimimum score often needs to persure the degree starting from the English for Academic Purpose.
3. Vocational Education & Training
Australia's Vocational Education and Training (VET) sector offers a large variety of qualifications for students with a strong practical orientation.
VET students are typically:
- schools leavers seeking to acquire practical skills for work;
- school leavers seeking an alternative pathway to university;
- workers who are seeking to further develop their career skills;
- university graduates who need to acquire practical skills for the work;
- those simply wishing to develop their personal interests.
4. University Education
There are 39 Australian universities, of which 2 are private (Bond and Notre Dame). In addition, Carnegie Mellon and University College London have a campuses in Adelaide, South Australia. As the main campuses and administrations of these university are established in Pennsylvania, USA and London UK respectively; we consider them as non-Australian universities.
Many Australian universities have overseas branch campuses, twinning arrangements and exchange programs for students and teaching staff worldwide. Australian universities have around 7000 agreements with universities (and similar institutions around the world).
Australian Universities have three primary roles:
- Storing knowledge
- Transferring knowledge to others
- Creating knowledge